Computer programs inside the conscious
The robot will sense data from the environment through
its 5 senses: sight, sound, taste, touch and smell. Target objects are
objects the robot recognizes from the environment. The brain of the robot
will extract element objects that have strong association with their
respective target objects. All element objects from all target objects will
compete with one another to be activated in the mind. These activated
thoughts are known as the conscious of the robot.
There are two types of conscious thoughts: open
activation and hidden activation. The open activations are element objects
that are presented to the conscious and the robot is aware of the data. On
the other hand, hidden activations are element objects that are not
presented to the conscious and the robot is unaware of the data. Extremely
complex tasks in memory, such as problem solving, will require both open and
Think of the conscious as a ďmemory bubbleĒ that takes in and modify
data; and the modified data instruct the robot to take action (FIG. 5A -
5B). Inside the conscious is a computer program (or a series of
interconnected computer programs) that manipulate data in the conscious.
The intelligent pathways extracted from memory and used by the robot
generate this computer program.
The intelligent pathways control the data in the
conscious by adding, deleting and manipulating data. They also control the
searching and extracting of data from memory. The instructions inside the
intelligent pathways will have search functions that will extract relevant
data, based on a situation, and put them into the conscious. Some data will
be extracted from memory, while other data will be extracted from long-term
There are also other things the intelligent pathways in
memory can do. They can control the comparing of data; or the analyzing of
two or more data from the conscious. These intelligent pathways can even
predict the future and generate a computer program to output future events
of what might happen based on the current environment.
The conscious actually does many other things for the
robot. Some of these things include: giving knowledge about an object,
providing meaning to language, solving problems, answering questions,
identifying grammar structure, following orders, planning tasks, solving
interruptions of tasks, managing multiple tasks at that same time, following
the rules of a game, coming up with imagination and so forth. The
intelligent pathways in memory allow the conscious of the robot to do all
these things (and more).
Important data in the conscious
The conscious does many different things for the
robot. Four of the most important things the conscious does are: 1.
manage tasks. 2. establish rules to follow, based on the tasks. 3.
planning steps to achieve tasks. 4. know identity. Referring to FIG. 6,
there are four containers the computer program in the conscious generated as
a result of intelligent pathways: the task container, the rules container,
the planning container and the identity container. All data from all four
containers influence each other one way or another. For example, the rules
will influence what tasks to follow/abort and the planning information will
influence what rules to follow or what tasks to do.
These containers are just temporary caches inside the
conscious that was generated by intelligent pathways in memory. Based on
the current environment, the robot selects an optimal pathway from memory
and that optimal pathway has instructions to create containers so that
groups of data could be manipulated and logical thoughts and actions can be
had by the robot. The intelligent pathways create any type of computer
program or discrete mathematical functions to manipulate data in the
conscious -- a database system, an operating system to manage multiple
threads, a word processor, an image processor, a search engine, or any
Storing and retrieving data in memory
In current database systems, a computer programmer has
to create the storage functions and the search functions. In a human robot,
the brain is made in such a way that the storage and retrieval of data is
based on learned knowledge. Teachers teach the robot how to store data in
memory and patterns within these lessons will establish how to store and
retrieve data in memory.
Data in memory are based on pathways Ė the robot learns
knowledge by taking in movie sequences from the environment through its 5
senses: sight, sound, taste, touch and smell. These pathways can store
static data, which are data in pathways that exists. For example, the robot
is looking at a TV guide for this week. The TV guide for this week is one
static data stored in memory. Last weeks TV guide or the weeks before are
also individual static data. Pathways can also store linear data. For
example, the linear steps to solving the ABC block problem is linear data Ė
these pathways store the linear steps the robot has to follow in order to
solve the ABC block problem.
The data in memory can also be in any 5 senses: sight,
sound, taste, touch or smell; and each sense can be represented in different
ways. A music song belongs to sound and an action movie belongs to sight
and sound. All these 5 sense data can be either static data or linear data
Organization of data is done through hierarchical
association. A network of data that have relations to each other, based on
the robotís experiences, will knit themselves together. The more two
objects are encountered by the robot; and the closer these objects are from
one another, the more association they will have with each other.
Although data is based on hierarchical association, the
real factor that organizes them in memory is intelligent pathways. Teachers
will teach the robot how to store data in memory. They will teach the robot
which are important data and which arenít. For example, if a teacher gives
a 2 hour lecture on nanotechnology, the robot will identify the most
important data from the lecture and store them in memory. These important
data will have top priority, while minor or repeated data will have low
priority. Another example would be if someone tells the robot a 2 hour
story. The robot can summarize the story into 3 sentences. That 2 hour
story can be represented by 3 sentences. The 2 hour story can also be
represented by a simple fabricated movie.
Letís say that there is an object composite of a person
Dave in the robotís memory. Dave is a good friend of the robot and they
have been friends for many years. The robot will store a network of data
concerning dave (which is called an object composite). How does the object
composite of dave structure the data in a hierarchical manner? How do we
know that the face of dave is more important than the leg of dave? How do
we know that a name of a person is more important than their age? How do we
know that important facts about dave should be prominent in the network?
The answer is by lessons learned in school. Teachers
taught us, through class lessons, to always focus on a personís face to
identify them. This intelligent lesson instructs us to always look at a
personís face to id them. By focusing on a personís face, the face becomes
stronger and it will be the dominant encapsulated object in a human object.
Another factor is that human beings focus on the face because it gets their
attention. The voice of a person comes from the face, so we innately focus
on the face.
The last example shows us how the encapsulated object
ďfaceĒ is the dominant object in the object ďpersonĒ, but what about
information about a person? How do we know that a personís name is the most
important id? The answer is from observing different fillable forms.
Notice that in all forms or database entries, the name is the first data
representing a person. By looking at forms, we can also map out the second
or third most important data about a person. We know that age, gender,
phone number and address are the most likely secondary data listed in a
We can also use intelligent pathways to determine what
are major or minor data regarding a person. For example, rarely does anyone
want to know a personís religion or what their petís name is. These data
are considered minor data.
Intelligent pathways learn these things innately or by
lessons from teachers in how data should be organized. Referring to FIG. 7,
the diagram shows an object composite (a network) on dave. These data have
relations to each other based on association. In data1, a form of dave is
present, whereby it is a static data; which lists major information about
dave such as his name, phone number, age and occupation. In data2, a visual
movie of dave is present and the face of dave is the most prominent data.
The movie sequence can be static data or linear data. It could be an
experience the robot had when encountering dave in the past. The last data,
data3, is a sound recording of dave when the robot was talking to him on the
phone. This sound recording has voice patterns that distinguish dave from
Lessons learned in school to organize data in
Lessons in school will create intelligent pathways in
memory that will interpret data. If the robot had to listen to a 2 hour
lecture from a boss; and in the two hours, the boss has given 1 command
sentence, the robot is intelligent and will id and remember the command
sentence. All other data in the 2 hour lecture is minor data, but the
important data is the command sentence. The robot can also use intelligent
pathways to summarize and interpret what the boss wants the robot to do in
Maybe, in the 2 hour lecture, there is no clear command
sentence or the boss doesnít specifically tell the robot what to do. The
boss is telling the robot ambiguously what he should do in the future.
Intelligent pathways in the robotís memory interpret the 2 hour lecture and
summarize it so that the robot understands the most important information.
These activated element objects are the robotís conscious that are generated
by intelligent pathways. These conscious thoughts help to better organize
data in memory.
Referring to FIG. 8, in the 2 hour lecture, the robot
was able to activate conscious thoughts that relate to objects, events and
actions. Some of these activated thoughts are logical analysis, summarizing
of events, additional data related to objects and so forth. These activated
thoughts (or element objects) help organize data in memory when the current
pathway self-organize in memory. Objects, events and actions are delineated
and boundaries are set, whereby individual data are hierarchically
structured. For example, the 2 hour lecture is grouped as one data. Within
the 2 hour lecture are topic1, topic2 and topic3. Within each topic are
their respective inner groupings. Additional data like summarizing and id
of an important command sentence also help group data in memory in an
Activated thoughts to organize data
Thus, when the robot wants to search for data on the 2
hour lecture experience, he can search the actual pathway45 or search the
activated thoughts (element objects) to find data. In fact, if the robotís
brain searches the activated sentences, the search process will be much
faster. For example, if topic2 was a speech on nanotechnology, the search
function will go into topic2; and since topic2 has reference points to the
beginning and ending of topic2, it can search for more specific data on
topic2. This would be much faster than searching all data in
Pathways in memory forget data and pathway45 can break
up into a plurality of fragmented pathways. The activated element objects
help the robotís brain to reference data even when pathway45 is forgotten.
For example, if the robot experience pathway45 10 years ago, he can still
recall some images and activated thoughts. He might not be able to remember
everything, but the most important data is still stored in memory.
Compatibility for different data types
All data in memory has same, similar or different data
types. Referring to FIG. 7, data1, data2 and data3 are all in different
data types and the length of each data is different. How will the search
function find specific data or analyze data or compare different data
types??? The answer is through intelligent pathways stored in the robotís
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